segunda-feira, agosto 14


A ONU o Médio-Oriente...
Emphasizes the importance of the extension of the control of the Government of Lebanon over all Lebanese territory in accordance with the provisions of resolution 1559 (2004) and resolution 1680 (2006), and of the relevant provisions of the Taif Accords, for it to exercise its full sovereignty, so that therewill be no weapons without the consent of the Government of Lebanon and no authority other than that of the Government of Lebanon

On the UN's watch
Peace in Lebanon depends on a robust force being deployed
The Lebanese Government desperately needs a complete end to fighting, but it cannot control Hezbollah. Israel will accept an end to fighting, but only if Hezbollah can be brought under control. Sheikh Hassan Nasrallah, the leader of Hezbollah’s military wing, does not want to stop a war that, he believes, recruits more extremists to the cause with every Israeli bomb dropped. He says he will abide by the ceasefire but also that he will attack Israeli forces so long as they are on Lebanese soil. This may well mean continued fighting, since Israel will not withdraw — and is not obliged by the UN to — until the Lebanese military and the reinforced UN contingent led by France are deployed from the Litani river to the frontier.

Chaos, conflict, tyranny: would we do better without the UN?
By Niall Ferguson
It is funny that the acronym for the United Nations is UN. It always makes me think of negatives. Unhelpful. Unrealistic. Unproductive. Unhappy. This has been an especially unhappy summer for the United Nations.
E as outras nuvens negras...

The Horn of Africa
The path to ruin
The Horn of Africa has long been haunted by hunger and by violence. The story of Bossaso is an early sign that these evils will continue, and worsen. Islamist expansionism in Somalia—and the armed resistance to it—plus uncontrolled population growth throughout the area could result in whole pockets of the Horn facing collapse. This would be a humanitarian disaster; it could also lead to a much wider conflict, involving several countries.
The Islamist advance in Somalia was a response to political anarchy, not a symptom of population or environmental pressures. But UN relief agencies are sounding the alarm on these pressures. They are specially concerned about south Somalia and Ethiopia's vast Ogaden desert, where malnutrition rates are far higher than the 15% which signals a humanitarian emergency (nutrition rates in the Horn generally are the lowest in the world). A drought last year resulted in massive loss of livestock in both regions. A Somali war involving Ethiopia would be fought asymmetrically, with Islamist guerrillas striking across Somalia and inside Ethiopia, raising the chances of catastrophic famine.
War in Somalia could ignite other wars. Most of these will probably be small tribal affairs, such as the battles in northern Kenya, which tribal elders say have claimed more than 100 lives this year. But an Ethiopian offensive in Somalia could result in Eritrea taking its chance to attack Ethiopia. A war between the two countries fizzled out in 2000, but with no resolution on their disputed border.

2 comentários:

Anónimo disse...

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Anónimo disse...

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